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Sunday, May 24, 2020

CERT: COVID-19 Will Pass; Fear Will Stay

Perhaps someone would call me an idiot for not being in the corner of my room in the fetal position, with a mask on, and deathly fearful of leaving my house all while believing that "the corona" is going to kill me dead if I step outside.

Or for not wearing a mask to go grocery shopping.

But all of those behaviors aren't really examples of prudent behavior; they are manifestations of fear and overreaction.

Fear leads to "catastrophization".

Catastrophization leads to obsessive thought processes.

Obsessive thought processes lead to self-victimization.

Self-victimization is a form of psychosis.

Thank you, COVID-19, but what damage has it done to our teams?

Our teams are likely not emotionally centered enough to be able to do the greatest good for the greatest number of people is the answer. 

The people who are instantly enraged if I challenge their false narrative, aren't angry at me; they are angry that they stepped in fear and cannot shake it off their foot.

I tend to raise a middle finger to fear and I never surrender to oppression be it psychological or societal.

Sure, I feel fear and fear knows how to grip me, but unlike the COVID-scared people, I resisted the fear because I refuse to be destroyed and I have prospered.

The first question I asked myself was "What is really happening here?"

For now, let's not go down the path of over-inflating the seriousness of the virus as a reason to put the nation on house arrest because that's for others to wrestle with.

Instead, what the big picture tells us is really happening here is that things like money, position, power, fine clothes, the fancy car, going golfing, doing yoga and venti lattes, and so on are fleeting and they do not matter.

All of those trappings of life were demonstrations of control because in our minds we told ourselves that WE harnessed life and the good things are OUR making.

Then...*poof* be gone!

What also doesn't matter is shouting at people to wear masks, or to arrest them for going to the beach, or other such fear-caused shenanigans because there is no "win" in doing so.

We fear the loss of control.

Without control, we feel vulnerable and fearful--and while both upset us--fear overrides us.

There is no such thing as being fearless, but we can fear less about our situation, meaning that we can allocate less emotion to fear by channeling it.

COVID-19 did not cause our fears; it amplified them.

We carried the fears we are feeling into the playing field and COVID-19 said, "Game on!"

Fears of loneliness, awkwardness, isolation, marriages falling apart, of ending our lives, of drinking too much, and so on were all with us when COVID came knocking.

The corona intensified them and the house arrest--that some find to be unconstitutional--forced us to have to simmer and stew in our fears unable to evade them all while getting drunk on rage.

But it's what we do with fear that is the key; we have to be active.

As John Lennon wrote, "There is nothing you can do that can't be done."

So lean in and act.

Fear is a mental and/or emotional reaction that arises when there is a real or perceived threat of harm.

That harm can be real or imagined.

With COVID-19, people's fears have made them turn wild imagination born of the overselling of the severity of the virus by the media into beliefs they came to hold as real, which they then said to themselves "If I feel it, it must be real", but that does not make what was feared and imagined really real.

Emotion is not truth. 

But, here's the curious thing...

That intensified heartbeat is the body clicking on to go into problem solving mode.

Yet, some channel that energy into self-imprisoning collapse--or worse bullying others into submission--rather than leaning in, showing their teeth, and fighting out of it.

We can use fear to motivate us to act, to channel that energy, to surrender the "absolute" of control, so that we can find traction in the moment.

Ironically, the militant stridency we are seeing as people brow-beat us about wearing masks, staying home, and treating everyone as having the cooties, is a total manifestation of their fear and indicates fear psychosis more than it does mental wellness.

Inside, they are scared out of their minds and they have no control, so they have to create window dressing that keeps the world from knowing how unhinged they are.

Taa daa! COVID-19 Social Justice Warrior.

They attempt to appear strong and knowledgeable because they cannot handle feeling weak.

But they fail. Everyone sees it. And they know they've been seen. It why they get so angry when challenged.

So, let's say that I fear the corona and--after contemplating--I decide to wear a mask.

That would be an example of channeling my fear into traction.

Being the mask police is something different.

It is saying, "because I am deep in fear and feel no sense of control, I am going to drag you down to my level so your state of panic will be as intense as mine so I won't be alone."

If I am trying to educate people and legitimately think people would be better off with a mask, I might say something to others.

But, if others say no to wearing a mask, the psychologically healthy person would say, "Boo, I think you're making a bad choice, but I'm with you. You do you, Boo, and I'll do me. Mazel Tov!"

And end it there.

The person living in a fear psychosis would rage up and call someone who does not wear a mask an "idiot".

How kind and compassionate of them!

Fear also challenges spirituality--with a small "s".

The spirituality I'm referring to isn't religious.

Spirituality--with a small "s"--is pushing the fear away to drill down to the essence of being human, understanding what is real and what is essential, and living grateful for the awareness.

Chanting COVID numbers, chiding people for thinking differently from us, lashing out in anger at people who are done with the COVID routine, taking on as our own the emotionality of the deaths of others are 100% examples of fear psychosis and doing so takes us away from our small "s" spirituality.

COVID-19 will end and some say we're at 14:59.

But the fear we carried into the COVID playing field--that COVID intensified and deepened--is what we will carry out with us.

It will cause post traumatic stress disorder if we do not confront it and get help.

Now, recall that I also said that we fear being vulnerable because we tell ourselves if we are vulnerable we are weak and therefore not strong.

Well, we are weak and the flick-of-the-hand that put us out of our jobs, that sent people, families, and businesses into a manufactured financial ruin not of their doing, and which forced people to stay home, illustrated what little strength we really have.

Vulnerability is strength in the sense that if we are acutely aware of our weaknesses, we can begin working on ways to be less so, which is how we build strength.

It is choosing to deal with right now without crying over the past or or borrowing worry from the future.

As George Harrison wrote, "Yesterday, today was tomorrow. And tomorrow, today will be yesterday."

Strength is not an absolute; it is instead a work in progress in the moment of now.

In fear we are alone.

In vulnerability, we are in this together.

In fear we are weak.

In vulnerability, we are less so.

All you need to manage is yourself in this moment.

And you need to let go of trying to manage people in society.

For what it's worth...

Lee Prewett, Program Manager
Bakersfield Metro CERT

Sunday, May 17, 2020

CERT: Mental Size-Up: Can We Try Positive?

Sometimes, I find myself staring at lights, deep in thought, only to realize that--whatever I am thinking about--I have to come back to the real world and act on.

During this COVID-19 thing, I've bitten my tongue until drawing blood it seems.

I have trouble swallowing a narrative I disagree with especially after I've researched it only to find the narrative flawed.

Many have swallowed the blue pill, but instead of enjoying the effect of blissful ignorance, they experienced the side effects of overzealous behavior by some COVID-19 do-gooders.

All of this at a time when we should be drawing together, being kind to one another, letting each other be heard without judgment, and championing the rights of people to live their lives as they choose to live them without any commentary about that decision.

I think that one of the trainings I would like to develop is one on psychological size-up.

People--CERTs included--simply did not have the tools to accurately and compassionately respond to the COVID-19 challenge.

Psychological wellness matters to me and this kind of response is indicative of pressing people into service before they had the social/emotional tools to volunteer for service.

My basic take-away is that people jumped on the hype bandwagon as quickly as they could, rather than diving deep into the data before taking any action.

Program Managers should have been slow to respond and before any sort of deployment, should have grounded the team in social-emotional readiness.

Paradoxically, in attempting to do the greatest good for the greatest number of people, I believe many rushed to action (acting without assessing) in many cases.

This caused them tremendous anxiety as they grasped at straws to fashion a "something" to deploy.

Sometimes, something is worse than nothing.

This is why--going forward--I will not be searching for pandemic training for Bakersfield Metro CERT.

Psychological First Aid training will be infinitely more beneficial to our team and that will be a priority.

I will not be developing a training on how to use PPE.

Diving deep into Social-Emotional Learning will give our team the ability to cope with their personal reactions when being present for those in crisis.

In fact, COVID-19 will receive NONE of my attention.

In its place will be a deep dive into the Listos curriculum to reach out to our sizable migrant population many of whom were left in the lurch due to language barriers and/or legal status.

Witnessing how inhumane people--elsewhere--have gotten over COVID-19, forces me to go "human first" with the direction of Bakersfield Metro CERT.

Our team has been kindly compassionate all through this, but that too is a heavy burden on them that must be unpacked.

In fact, I cannot see how any CERT team can do any CERT training without coming to a dead stop and taking care of its volunteers first.

For what it's worth...

Lee Prewett, Program Manager
Bakersfield Metro CERT

Thursday, April 30, 2020

CERT: Riding The PTSD Train

Signpost up ahead: that light at the end of the tunnel is the PTSD train coming and I am really concerned for our mental wellness.

COVID-19 has us in a compromised mental frame.

And many are unaware, or worse, they are in denial.

We are experiencing traumatic stress directly and indirectly.

Perhaps our internal thoughts nag at us.

"I'm OK. I'm OK. I'm OK."

"I'm not OK. I'm scared. I don't know what to do."

"I'm not OK, but I'll pretend I have the answer so people won't catch on."

You may wish to take this short inventory about your "compassion fatigue" and your "burnout" status [CLICK HERE].

Traumatic stress catastrophizes and tells us we are confined against our will.

It makes us believe we are unable to see our friends, family, students, co-workers.

It plays on our deepest worries.

The the nameless people we see at the supermarket and the drive through become our substitute people.

But, because they are not connected to us, they do nothing to help stave off our free fall into depression.

These are traumatic stress reactions.

The very essence of maintaining our psychological health is human contact.

Zoom, Microsoft Teams, Google Meet, and Facetime just are not going to cut it as substitutes no matter how many cheery commercials tell us it's the same thing.

The very reason these virtual means do not substitute in any way is because there is no real, actual human contact.

Our emotions click on with excitement for the meet up time and then it's all gone the minute it's over and we realize it was just a screen we were talking to.

So, we need to figure out how to uplift people because a tsunami of depression is already crashing onto our shore.

People need their lifelines restored and not just those people over there, we too need our lifelines restored.

We are untrained in ways to do the greatest good for people in this context of confinement.

We have to do the greatest good for ourselves right now and admit that we really don't know how to proceed.

Given our traumatic stress reactions we must respond to them by realizing that they stem from the perception of being on--not only unfamiliar territory--but on a deeply troubling path.

Maybe we feel we don't know the lay of the land anymore.

We may even believe that we are being dragged forcibly down a path not of our choice.

We may feel like our lives are one prolonged night, cursed never to see the sunlit path again.

Very soon states will reopen and we will be into our post-traumatic stress terrain. 

Increasingly, it looks like reopening will not happen on the government's timetable but on the timetable of mass civil-disobedience taking back control by defiance and resistance.

That too is a PTSD reaction, but it's already in motion, it's about to get ugly, and our opinions about it are immaterial.

We're in it, so we must navigate it.

On one hand, some folks will feel euphoric and cheer, triumphant that the "hoax" is over as more businesses reopen.

Some will feel betrayed that the societal lockdown didn't last as long as they wanted it to because they are not finished playing the role of the coronavirus warrior.

From another camp, will come the cries of those who will feel destabilized, terrorized that the apocalyptic virus is waiting to kill them if they step outside, unless they approach disease prevention like Chuck McGill.

But all of these are PTSD-driven reactions and NONE of them come from a place of psychological wellness.

This is weighty stuff psychologically.

And we need to stop adding weight onto people through our actions.

We need to stop talking COVID-19 numbers because that reporting of data does not uplift anyone; in fact, it plunges them deeper into depression.

We need to stop scolding people about masks and social distancing.

People know all of this--they are incapable of escaping it--and they don't need their faces rubbed in it by us too.

We need to start talking to people about things other than COVID-19 to re-engage them with the mental portraits of their lives that are their humanness, to restore them. 

What is true and operative is that they have forgotten their lives, so if we work to reconnect them we do the greatest good.

Though it may be hard given our current addiction to the crisis, we have to respond by letting go of that and moving toward refocusing people on how they are human, how they are safe, and how life is worth living.

We have to stop telling ourselves and others that "we can't" and start believing "we can" do things.

So, go outside and take in the spring that is now coming to us--or the summer that is arriving early in some places--and focus on that solely.

See it for the magnificence that it is.

If I'm well and you're well, there is no reason we cannot break bread together, therefore act on that because you're not going to die for having dared to share Chik Fil A together at your house.

Reconnect with your humanness and let go of those addicted to the muck.

Pull yourself out of it, center yourself, and regain wholeness.

Join Bakersfield Metro CERT on Facebook [CLICK HERE].

Lee Prewett, Program Manager
Bakersfield Metro CERT

Saturday, April 25, 2020

CERT: Got Neighbors?

In the used-to-be world, people knew their neighbors by name and often were good friends.

In these keep-to-yourself days, people don’t know their neighbors and usually avoid talking to them.

During the scared-of-others panic where we treat everyone like they are Typhoid Tommy, some of us won't even leave our houses!

And that isn’t good for community readiness.

The notion behind CERT isn’t to be Ricky Responder the trailer stuffer, or the junior EMT, or the junior SAR, or the wannabe PIO, or the wannabe first responder, or...

The notion behind CERT is to first and foremost build neighborhoods of readiness and the record of our actions during the COVID-19 response suggests that we have been operating with eyes off that goal.

In some ways, we dodged a bullet because the COVID-19 threat has turned out to be nowhere near as intense as first projected [CLICK HERE].

Hospitals are not inundated across the nation as predicted.

The death rate around the world, across the nation, and in our state is miniscule.

In fact, the actual death toll is about 1/100th of the-sky-is-falling narrative.

We were promised millions of deaths around the world and across the nation, but thankfully that hasn't happened, though people stubbornly hold onto this false narrative.

And the death numbers are being revised DOWNWARD [CLICK HERE] due to over-attribution of COVID-19 as the cause of death [CLICK HERE].

Even drug overdoses are being reported as COVID-19 deaths [CLICK HERE].

We are about to have our civil rights restored and with them our freedom of movement.

Why we so easily let them be taken is a disturbing question for another day.

So, now imagine if COVID-19 had actually been as life threatening as the media wanted us to believe.

Our situations would have been dramatically worse for lack of connection to our neighbors.

So, maybe we need to let go of the germaphobe fear long enough to make contact with our neighbors.

To say hello, to introduce ourselves, to exchange phone numbers, and to start banding together for the common good.

Californians For All is asking us to do just that.

While the above video is so obviously scripted and so overly cute, it does point to the idea of touching bases with our neighbors.

That touching of bases produces many positive outcomes, among them improved psychological affect (because someone cares) and greater trust (I'm not in this alone).

Californians For All has even produced a flyer [CLICK HERE] for you to peruse and get ideas from.

You are also invited to become a member of Californians For All [CLICK HERE] and join the trend.

But more importantly, CERTs have to pivot from their catastrophizing and sensationalizing COVID-19 narratives and go toward restoring calm and centeredness.

In short, to regain sight of our mission to do the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

Lee Prewett, Program Manager
Bakersfield Metro CERT

Saturday, April 18, 2020

CERT: I'm Not Deployed

Very differently is how I see this moment in time that we are experiencing than a lot of people see it.

I am given pause by the traumatic-stress, panic disorder that COVID-19 has wrought not only among our neighbors, but the news media, and even in CERT discussions.

I refuse to use the word "pandemic" because the only apparent value of that word these days is to frighten and intimidate people.

"Pandemic" has damaging connotative force as a word well beyond its dictionary definition and to insist using it--knowing the psychological damage it causes--is to want to inflict psychological damage.

And I am always looking at the psychological health angle of the human motivations I witness.

Most of us came to CERT because we wanted to be prepared and to be helpful should we be needed.

But, some of us are not needed.

Recently, in the CERTverse, some noted that they “have all this training and are not being deployed.”

I honestly can neither comprehend, nor even consider such a mindset.

Because it's not about doing the greatest good for others; it's more about doing something to make the self feel good first.

If we aren't needed to help others at a given time, we should breathe a sigh of relief.

We should not be hellbent on inserting ourselves into a situation.

If social distancing and sheltering in place are what we are supposed to "believe in", to be "selling", and to be "doing", it follows then logically that we should practice what we preach and NOT deploy. 

If we are not called to deploy, yet are itching to, then we are in CERT for the wrong reasons.

And, with respect to COVID-19, being called to deploy should trouble us deeply, if we believe the narrative, that is.

It's almost as if people, who are itching to deploy, think that because they have some sort of training, that their sponsoring agency is obligated to deploy them.


Sure, I enjoy being trained in CERT skill sets and I am proud that I could help someone in a time of need.

But, for all of the training I get, I am prayerful that I will never be called on to use it.

And, in our coronacrazy world, I am thankful NOT to have been called on to use it now.

So, let's get back to the "have all this training and are not being deployed” nonsense.

Imagine being certified in CPR and then feeling personally diminished that you're not using it.

That would make no sense.

It's like when Paul McCartney sings "and the undertaker drew a heavy sigh seeing no one else had come", not morally defensible.

I'm not diminished when I'm not needed for deployment.

I am—instead—relieved.

I'm internally validated as a result of being prepared and ready.

I say to myself “Self, you did a good thing by being prepared and ready.”

But, those who are externally validated do not realize that psychologically speaking they are in an extremely unhealthy place.

They are unhealthy because they need someone seeing them doing something and then telling them they are “good” in order for them to internalize it.

Let's not talk about narcissism, but instead about the fleeting nature of external validation.

The shine of an "attaboy" evanesces the moment the words go silent, so it provides little sustenance.

And then the person goes back to being sad that they are not validated.

People who are externally validated crave an outlet—that “someone” telling them they are the “good boy”—so that they can believe it about themselves.

Unfortunately, the nature of CERT can attract this sort of person and some have most decidedly "outted" themselves during the COVID-19 proceedings.

I highly advocate the psychological health of being internally validated so you are your OWN barometer of validation.

Internal validation lets a person be centered, calm, ready, and more psychologically and emotionally stable.

People with this internal locus of control are completely at ease doing nothing because they realize that at this moment, their skills are not needed.

Whereas the person with an external locus of control is likely to be frenetic, searching, and unsteadily chomping at the bit for something to do.

And, geez have we seen copious examples of that in the CERTverse!

I cannot imagine the toll such an amount of anxiety would have on a person.

I mean, I can; but I choose not to.

In this time of crisis, CERTs are to shore up their homes, their families, and their neighbors.

But, I can do that without putting on a CERT vest.

As for my neighbors, the CERT vest would give me literally NOTHING that I don't already have.

I either have a relationship with my neighbors or I don’t.

And, it could very easily be argued that in a time of crisis being "just the person down the street" with "a plan" is better than being the person with the vest and the clip board telling people what to do.

Moreover, if I don’t have the relationship with my neighbors, the CERT vest sure as hell will not make one blossom.

Most likely the contrary.

I’m very “gray man” both literally and figuratively.

My hair is gray, but I also do not trumpet to my neighbors that I am the Program Manager of Bakersfield Metro CERT.

I’m under the radar.

Let’s say that I’ve built them up to believe that as the Program Manager of Bakersfield Metro CERT I am the man with a plan and then—for whatever reason—my plan doesn’t solve or if it does, it does not meet with their approval.

Uh, oh.

Imagine, instead, the benefit of leaving your CERT couture and your Ricky Responder aspirations and home and just helping people.

"But that's what I wanna do and they won't deploy meeeee!"

Some people you just can't reach.

Should people in your neighborhood marvel at what you know, you can say matter-of-factly "Oh yeah. I've done training with CERT to be ready for emergencies. Anyone can do it too."

That could be a powerful moment.

Psychologically, donning the CERT vest would change the perception of who I am to my neighbors and in a very real sense I would suddenly be an outsider.

A threat.

I’m reminded of Jackie DeShannon singing “What the world needs now is love, sweet love. It's the only thing that there's just too little of.”

I see so much negativity and fear mongering that I want to shake the people in the CERTverse who engage in that behavior and say "cool your jets" because unkindness and stampeding reflects poorly on CERT.

Perhaps the greatest good for the greatest number of people—at the moment—is NOT putting on our CERT gear and looking for something to do, but rather doing something in the vein of being the help until help arrives with the training we have.

So, cut out the use of connotatively strong words.

Knock off the catastrophizing, sensationalizing, and scaring the living daylights out of people.

Be selfless.

Calm people down and give them their feet back.

And validate yourself internally.

Lee Prewett, Program Manager
Bakersfield Metro CERT

Sunday, April 5, 2020

CERT: What the Media Isn't Telling You About the United States' Coronavirus Case Numbers

This will be an unpopular post because the coronavirus "true believers" only want to hear end-of-times rhetoric and false narratives.

Perhaps the most confounding and annoying thing through all of this--beyond the Chicken Little panic of the sheeple at large--is the total lack of questioning of the veracity of the news media's reporting.

Not only is the news media pushing an agenda--an overtly political one--it is also pushing a false narrative by presenting editorials as factual news coverage.



What the Media Isn't Telling You About the United States' Coronavirus Case Numbers

When President Trump said this week that the United States had done more testing than South Korea, USA Today was quick to fact-check his claim by pointing out, "The United States population is more than six times the size of South Korea’s. On a per-capita basis, South Korea is testing far more of its citizens than the U.S." In this case, the media attempted to use a per capita comparison against Trump. CNN and MSNBC each made similar fact-checks.
On Thursday, the New York Times made a big fuss over the fact that more than 81,321 Americans have been infected with the coronavirus, which is "more cases than China, Italy or any other country has seen." 

According to their report, the United States, following "a series of missteps," is now "the epicenter of the pandemic."

But, is it really?

China's confirmed cases topped out at around 80,000, but, as PJM's Victoria Taft noted, China reportedly stopped conducting tests in order to show the world they've contained the spread of the virus. So, comparing any country to China at this point is useless.

In a visual presentation titled "Where the U.S. Stands Now on Coronavirus Testing" the New York Times even used whole numbers for confirmed cases in one slide, and then in the next slide used per capita numbers for testing, in order to paint the United States in the worst light.

SLIDE 1: This week, the number of coronavirus tests in the United States surpassed those in South Korea and Italy — two countries that had been testing more aggressively.

SLIDE 2: But the United States, which has the most known coronavirus cases in the world, continues to lag in tests per capita, according to an analysis of estimates from the COVID Tracking Project. Both South Korea and Italy have much smaller populations than the U.S.

So, why weren't the case numbers adjusted to show them on a per capita basis, the same way testing was?

Well, let's take a look and see why.

Here are the top six countries by confirmed cases (based on the case numbers from the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University as of 2:30 pm ET March 27) in descending order:
1.   USA (94,238)
2.   Italy (86,498)
3.   Spain (64,059)
4.   Germany (49,344)
5.   Iran (32,332)
6.   France (29,593)

Now, here are the top six countries by confirmed cases per million people (based on population numbers from the CIA World Fact Book) in descending order:
1.   Italy (1386.13)
2.   Spain (1280.78)
3.   Germany (615.57)
4.   France (436.17)
5.   Iran (380.72)
6.   USA (283.30)

Well, isn't that interesting? The United States' confirmed cases per capita are the lowest of the top six countries affected by the virus. Now, there are some who would argue that the United States testing lags behind that of other countries. If we want to assume that there is a discrepancy in testing between countries and that selection bias in testing undercounts the infection rate, then the number of coronavirus deaths is a more accurate way of measuring the impact of the pandemic in each country. So, let's look at total confirmed deaths in descending order.

1.   Italy (9,134)
2.   Spain (4,934)
3.   Iran (2,378)
4.   France (1,698)
5.   USA (1,438)
6.   Germany (304)

Germany looks pretty good compared to everyone else, doesn't it? But, let's look at confirmed deaths per million people in descending order, to see how that changes things:

1.   Italy (146.37)
2.   Spain (98.65)
3.   Iran (28.00)
4.   France (25.03)
5.   USA (4.32)
6.   Germany (3.79)

Interesting indeed! Germany and the United States have significantly better coronavirus death rates per capita than Italy, Spain, Iran and France. A lot better. This is why the media avoids per capita measurements for confirmed cases, but conveniently remembered when it wanted to fact-check Trump's testing numbers.

The media wants you to believe that the coronavirus in the United States is spiraling out of control the way it did in Italy. Fact check: it isn't.

UPDATE: To demonstrate my point visually, I generated charts via Our World In Data to explain why the anti-Trump media doesn't want to tell you about the United States confirmed testing per capita. (NOTE: Their data comes from the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control.)

Here is a chart of the whole number of confirmed cases by country:

Looks like things have gotten out of control in the United States, doesn't? The United States looks worse than the other countries, doesn't it?

Now let's look at confirmed cases per capita:

Here, you can see how the United States went from way ahead of the world, to having the fewest number of cases per capita of the selected countries.
As I said before, because there is likely a discrepancy in testing between countries, and selection bias in testing undercounts the infection rate, confirmed coronavirus deaths might actually be a more accurate way to gauge the severity of the outbreak in each country. So, here's the chart of confirmed deaths per capita.